Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis : All You Wanted To Know

FAQs  I  Dos & Don’ts  I  Physiotherapy Treatment I  Causes  I  Symptoms  I  Risk Factors  I  Prevention   I   Exercises

Osteoporosis is a very commonly seen condition among ageing population: it weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. Our physiotherapists who see geriatric patients across different ReLiva clinics (Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Thane and Pune) report that fracture of wrist, spine and hip are most common due to osteoporosis but fracture of ribs, humerus (upper arm bone) and pelvis are not uncommon either.

Studies indicate the number of osteoporosis patients in India alone, at approximately 36 million (2013). Osteoporosis leads to more than 1.5million fractures each year. Statistical data shows that 1 out of 2 women older than 50 years have osteoporosis related fractures and 1 out of 3 men older than 75 years.

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back pain and obesity

Obesity and Back Pain

Can reducing weight help in back pain?

Most people know that Obesity contributes to the development of heart diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure and colon cancer. However, did you know that obesity is a contributing factor to back pain? It’s true!

People who are overweight/obese and suffer from back pain may not be aware that their excess weight is actually contributing to their back pain. The spine is designed to carry the body’s weight and distribute the loads encountered during rest and activity. In order to compensate for extra weight, the spine can become tilted and stressed unevenly. As a result, overtime, the back may lose its proper support and an unnatural curvature of the spine may develop. One region of the spine that is most vulnerable to the effects of obesity is the low back- the lumbar spine.

Is back pain only Age-related?

It is true that with age, body tissues can cause changes to spinal anatomy. However, if you are overweight/ obese, chances are you have or will have back pain. You may have/develop one of the following conditions that can cause back pain.

  • Unhealthy posture: because of uneven load on the spine due to obesity, its curvature alters resulting in Scoliosis, kyphosis and lateral pelvic shifts and causes changes in our posture in order to cope up with our daily activities. Thus, an unhealthy posture can contribute to low back pain or sciatica( low back pain radiating down the leg). Physiotherapists at ReLiva are expert in assessing your posture and advising on the changes you may need.
  • Osteoporosis: A sedentary lifestyle coupled with unbalanced diet can affect the density or strength of the bones and an extra load is taken up by the weak back and core muscles leading to back pain.
  • Low muscular endurance and weakness: ReLiva Physiotherapy could plan an appropriate exercise plan for you to address specific muscular weakness which would help with your chronic back pain.
  • Poor flexibility of the muscles: an extra load on the muscles makes it weak overtime and in order to compensate the muscles become tight and can result in back pain. Tight muscles may even form fibre nodes within/ taut band which is called as trigger points which can also cause back pain or refer pain to different site as well mimicking a nerve pain.

Apart from back pain, obesity can also result in Low cardiac endurance: owing to the inactive lifestyle, an overweight/obese person gets easily fatigue and breathless making it a viscous cycle where the person becomes more inactive and prone to vascular diseases like varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis, heart diseases etc and metabolic diseases like diabetes.

Prevention is better than cure!

  • Start walking for at least 30 minutes daily from today itself. Keep checking your weight every month and indulge in healthy diet.
  • Consult a physiotherapist at ReLiva, to assess your muscular strength and flexibility and get started with the core exercise program to strengthen your core muscles.
  • For a balanced healthy diet, you can consult dietitian at ReLiva and maintain or reduce your weight.

Obesity and recovery from low back pain at ReLiva

  • Our Physiotherapist will assess and guide you with the treatment protocol.
  • You can strengthen your core muscles by joining core program at ReLiva.
  • You can improve your flexibility under the therapist guidance.
  • Pain modalities will help you to relieve back pain.
  • You can also consult a dietitian at ReLiva for weight reduction and obesity control.

 

Related Reading:

Back Pain – Causes, Self Care, FAQ and Home Exercise

Working long on Computer : Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Ergonomics: Does it matter in your workplace

Neck Pain : Managing at Home

 

arthritis joint pain treatment

Arthritis – Do your Joints Pain?

Last Updated on 31 August, 2018

The disorder commonly affecting the knee and other joints is called as Arthritis.

We commonly see our mothers or grandmothers groaning in pain when they try to do simple activities like getting up from the floor or climbing steps. Daily simple chores seem very difficult for them. They dread even the pleasant rains and winters as they are likely to experience increase in their aches and pains with the fall in temperature.

Arthritis is an inflammation of one or more joints. It is common in adults 65 and older, but it can affect people of all ages. There are many types of arthritis but most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis.

1. Rheumatoid Arthritis : It is an autoimmune disease in which the body immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a tough membrane that encloses the joint parts known as synovial membrane. It is characterized by fluctuating course, with periods of flares and remission.

2. Osteoarthritis : It is a chronic degenerative disorder involves wear and tear damage to the joint’s cartilage. Enough damage results in bone grinding which causes pain and restricted movement and joint effusion.

Symptoms of Arthritis

The most common symptoms of Arthritis include pain, redness in the area, swelling,  limited movement & stiffness in the joint.

Unpaid attention to these symptoms can lead you to be under the surgeon's knife.  But timely attention to the soft ringing of bells of your joints can help you deal effectively with your joint pain.

Arthritis, Joint pain : Facts, symptoms, Physiotherapy treatment

Treatment 

Physiotherapy is key to the treatment and management of arthritis.  It can help you to maintain independence through improving your mobility, strength and flexibility.

Used along with medication it can also help to minimise pain.

Physiotherapy for arthritis focuses on the reduction of pain and stiffness as well as increasing the level of movement and range of motion for the individual.

Our experts at ReLivaTM use a combination of modalities, manual therapy techniques and exercise and movement programmes to suit your specific condition. They will aim to reduce the swelling in the affected area along with making a strategy to control pain and stiffness. They will also devise simple exercise programmes that you can practise at home to help you build your strength and flexibility.

Physiotherapy uses a mix of Modalities

  • Heat treatments : These treatments produce heat within your body tissues. The application can be directed towards superficial or deeper parts of the body. The most common types of treatment used are infra-red radiation (heat lamps) and hot packs for superficial treatments.
  • Electrotherapy : These treatments produce electrical stimulation of your body tissues. They may be extremely useful in the treatment of both acute and chronic arthritis, where pain, swelling and muscle spasms are present. Physiotherapy exercise for Arthritis, joints pain
  • Exercise : A balanced programme of rest and exercise, and careful attention to joint posture is an important part of pain management, joint protection and maintenance of your joint function.
  • Manual therapy: Mobilisation and manipulation techniques are passive movements applied to a joint or soft tissue by the therapist in a specific manner to help restore full movement to a joint that is painful and restricted. Manual therapy is often useful in the chronic forms of arthritis and is often successful when other methods such as heat therapy and exercises have given little or no relief.
  • TENS : Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy is a commonly used electrostimulation method for relieving pain in rheumatoid arthritis.

Simple Tips to help avoid pain and stiffness:

  • Avoid staying in one position for long.
  • Avoid positions or movements that place extra stress on sore joints.
  • Avoid sitting on floor.
  • Modify your activities to make them easier.
  • Take proper rest when your symptoms are on a rise.
  • Try to lose weight if over-weight, as it reduces pressure on joints and alleviates pain.

At ReLiva, we want you to stay pain-free and get back to participating in the activities you enjoy as fast as possible. Get relief. Call +91 992099 1584 to speak to us today so we can connect you with a physiotherapy specialist in your area.

Last updated : 24/05/2018

Related Reading:

Joint Pain: Arthritis?

Ageing Knees? Don’t go weak in your Knees

Five Ways to check your Knee health

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